It is a chronic inflammatory syndrome that affects the skin, subcutaneous cellular tissue, often
bones and, sometimes, viscera. It depends on exogenous traumatic inoculation of fungi or
aerobic actinomycetes and is called eumycetoma or actinomycetoma. It most frequently affects
the foot and is characterized by an increase in volume, deformation of the region and fistulas
that drain a serous or purulent exudate in which the parasite is found, forming “pimples.” There
are small atypical cases known as minimycetomas. They can be produced by fungi or bacteria. It
mainly affects the lower extremities, associated with people who work in agriculture.
Treatment is complex and depends on the causative agent and level of condition.
Keywords: mycetoma, actinomycetoma, eumycetoma.